Time to assess your data protection culture
Now is of course the perfect time to double down on your efforts, particularly with the greatly increased fine that GDPR introduces for negligence leading to a data breach.
For example, one scenario no organisation wants to experience is an employee being tricked by a phishing email, only to discover that the individual never received any awareness or training on how to spot and avoid phishing. While the debate continues as to whether this on its own would warrant a fine, if combined with other information handling mistakes such as failing to encrypt sensitive information, then the chance of a fine greatly increases. As the maximum penalty will soon be €20 million or 4% of your global turnover, there is significantly greater incentive to minimise the chance of something like this occurring.
Cybercriminals want your personal data
I like to keep my eye on the Information is Beautiful data breaches graphic, which is regularly updated with the world’s biggest information disasters. It’s a good reminder that cybercrime isn’t going away any time soon.
The underlying problem is that personal data about customers, employees and other individuals has value on the black market. Larger companies seem like an obvious target, but many have more money to plough into information security training and awareness, supported by cutting edge security technology. They also tend to have a more organised approach, with a Chief Security Officer and a dedicated team driving the fight back. That doesn’t make them impervious, but it can make a cybercriminal’s job harder.
In this regard, small to medium-sized organisations can be a much easier target. The online world makes it easy to accumulate vast amounts of personal data, yet smaller ventures don’t tend to have the size, structure or budget to field the same sort of approach as a multinational. But having no approach is not an option in today’s world.
The obligation to train
Take phishing for example. This is the use of fraudulent emails, texts and other online messages to trick people into clicking on a website link, opening a file attachment, or disclosing sensitive information in a reply. File attachments can contain malicious software that steals information from the user without their knowledge, whereas phishing websites can trick you into entering your username and password, or infect your device with the same range of malicious software. The messages and websites are disguised to seem genuine, and a targeted phishing attack could even use an email that looks like it comes from someone within your own organisation.
Even the most advanced email filtering technology cannot give you 100% protection from a phishing email landing in the email inbox of one of your employees. The only option is to train employees to recognise what they look like, and know what to do when they see one. For example, you could provide a checklist for assessing whether emails are genuine that includes points such as:
- Is the sender’s email address suspicious?
Check whether the email address matches the company or person it is supposed to be from. If you can’t see the address, hover your mouse pointer over the sender’s name.
- Is the message urgent, mysterious or enticing?
Cybercriminals want you to act as quickly as possible without thinking, so urgent notifications from your bank, or mysterious file attachments are common tricks. Encouragement to click on a website link or open a file attachment is a strong sign of phishing.
- Does the email seem unprofessional?
Phishing emails have become quite sophisticated over recent years, but you can still see the odd clue such as poor spelling, grammar and formatting, and poor-quality graphics.
It’s not all about GDPR
Bear in mind that GDPR is exclusively focused on the way you protect personal data. However, more than likely you have a much wider range of information you don’t want to fall into the wrong hands.
Proprietary information such as ‘secret recipes’ and unique processes must be kept private to protect your competitive advantage. Equally, unpublished financial reports, salaries and internal investigations could invite reputational disaster if they entered the public domain.
Information security must be a vital component of your employee culture, and ignoring it can spell disaster. Over the coming months, it’s worth making sure that your employees understand which types of information need protecting, and how to protect them.